In 1931, a severe drought hit the Southern and Midwestern plains.
As crops died and winds picked up, dust storms began.
By 1934, 75% of the United States was severely affected by this terrible drought.
The one-two punch of economic depression and bad weather put many farmers out of business.
Why did farmers go to California during the Dust Bowl?
Migration Out of the Plains during the Depression. During the Dust Bowl years, the weather destroyed nearly all the crops farmers tried to grow on the Great Plains. Many once-proud farmers packed up their families and moved to California hoping to find work as day laborers on huge farms.
How did the Dust Bowl affect the rest of the US?
The massive dust storms forced farmers out of business. Deflation from the Depression aggravated the plight of Dust Bowl farmers. Prices for the crops they were able to grow fell below subsistence levels. In 1932, the federal government sent aid to the drought-affected states.
What states did the Dust Bowl effect?
Dust Bowl, a section of the Great Plains of the United States that extended over southeastern Colorado, southwestern Kansas, the panhandles of Texas and Oklahoma, and northeastern New Mexico. The term Dust Bowl was suggested by conditions that struck the region in the early 1930s.
How many people went to California during the Dust Bowl?
In the 1930s, farmers from the Midwestern Dust Bowl states, especially Oklahoma and Arkansas, began to move to California; 250,000 arrived by 1940, including a third who moved into the San Joaquin Valley, which had a 1930 population of 540,000. During the 1930s, some 2.5 million people left the Plains states.
What was the impact of the Great Depression on California?
California was hit hard by the economic collapse of the 1930s. Businesses failed, workers lost their jobs, and families fell into poverty. While the political response to the depression often was confused and ineffective, social messiahs offered alluring panaceas promising relief and recovery.
How did the Dust Bowl affect the Great Depression?
In fact the agricultural devastation helped to lengthen the Depression whose effects were felt worldwide. The movement of people on the Plains was also profound. Poor agricultural practices and years of sustained drought caused the Dust Bowl. Plains grasslands had been deeply plowed and planted to wheat.
Why did the Dust Bowl farmers leave?
The Dust Bowl was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the 1930s; severe drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent the aeolian processes (wind erosion) caused the phenomenon.
Photo in the article by “Wikipedia”