There are 34 areas around the world which are qualified as Biodiversity hotspots.
These hotspots represent only 2.3% of the total Earth’s land surface.
What are the two criteria that an area must meet in order to qualify as a hotspot?
To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot on Myers 2000 edition of the hotspot-map, a region must meet two strict criteria: it must contain at least 0.5% or 1,500 species of vascular plants as endemics, and it has to have lost at least 70% of its primary vegetation.
Why is the Caribbean a biodiversity hotspot?
The Caribbean islands hotspot supports an important biodiversity within its diverse terrestrial ecosystems with a high proportion of endemicity making the region one of the world’s greatest centers of biodiversity. It includes about 11,000 plant species of which 72% are endemics.
Why is the tropical Andes a hotspot?
Biodiversity. The Tropical Andes are a biodiversity hotspot named the “global epicenter of biodiversity” according to the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund. The Tropical Andes are an area of rich biodiversity. This location contains about 45,000 plant species of which 20,000 are endemic.
How many hotspots are in India?
How many biodiversity hotspots exist and where are they located?
These areas are the biodiversity hotspots, 36 regions where success in conserving species can have an enormous impact in securing our global biodiversity. The forests and other remnant habitats in hotspots represent just 2.4% of Earth’s land surface.
Photo in the article by “Wikimedia Commons”